The Importance Of Litter Training Your Bunny

One of the essential parts of having a rabbit as a pet is keeping your pet toilet trained. This is especially important if your bunny roams free in your house. A rabbit may urinate and defecate at a fixed location or several locations within your home. In any case, you do not want your house to be covered in rabbit waste all the time.

Lorem Ipsum Lorem Ipsum  
Kaytee Corner Litter Tray
  • Made in US
  • Great design
  • 10" high and spacious
Check Price on
Ware Manufacturing scatterless rabbit litter tray Ware Manufacturing Plastic Scatterless Lock-N-Litter Small Pet Pan- Colors May Vary
  • Scatterless Lock-N-Litter Pan that locks to prevent messy spills
  • Made of durable, stain and odor resistant plastic
  • Plastic guard and wire floor keep pets feet clean
Check Price on
Ware Manufacturing Plastic Lock-N-Litter Bigger Pan, Jumbo
  • Jumbo sized pan for bigger pets
  • Designed for multiple pets
  • Securely attaches to cage
Check Price on
M-Aimee Square Potty Trainer Corner Litter Bedding Box Pet Pan
  • Size:11-inch long,8.5-inch wide,6-inch high,3-inch depth
  • Easy to clean
  • Reliable wire bottom grill
Check Price on
Erlvery DaMain square rabbit litter box Erlvery DaMain Square Potty Trainer Corner Litter Bedding Box Pet Pan
  • Ideal size for adult rabbits
  • Easy to clean
  • High corner and walls to contain spillages
Check Price on

It is easier to toilet train older rabbits than baby rabbits (younger than six months). However, it becomes challenging to potty train rabbits, once they attain puberty, particularly with male rabbits. The reason is that a male gets the urge to “mark his territory” by urinating all over the place. If you have your rabbits spayed or neutered, this problem will subside, and you will find it easier to toilet train your pet rabbit. So, let’s take a closer look at how to litter train a rabbit.

The Process Of Litter Training A Rabbit

Rabbits are clean by nature, and also creatures of habit. You can use this characteristic of theirs to your advantage to teach them how to use a litter tray. If your rabbit has been de-sexed, how to litter train a rabbit is surprisingly easy. Here is a step-by-step procedure on how to potty train a rabbit:

You will need:

  • Litter box
  • Newspaper
  • Suitable litter
  • Rabbit cage
  • Good quality hay
  • Litter scoop
  • Disinfectant

Setting Up The Litter Box

Collect some of your rabbit’s pellets and put them in the tray. Now prepare the litter box by lining it with newspaper and add litter about an inch thick. Place the tray where you want the rabbit to go, either in the house or in the cage.

If your bunny roams free in the house, you will need to prepare multiple trays and place them at various places in the house. Before placing litter trays around the house, first carefully observe where your bunny usually does her stuff and put the trays at those locations. Add some nice, fresh and juicy hay for your bunny to munch while sitting on the litter tray.

When your bunny is in the cage, demarcate the food section and litter tray section separately. In the house, put walls near the litter trays so your rabbit can “hide” while pooping. It gives them a sense of security.

Toilet Training Your Bunny

Here we are in the interesting part regarding how to litter train a rabbit. As soon as you bring your rabbit home, you can start litter training her. However, it is relatively easier to litter train older rabbits than younger ones (six months or below). You will find how to potty train a rabbit less challenging once you have her spayed.

Start by training your rabbit to go in the litter box in the cage. After a few days, you can let her out and start putting her on the litter boxes that you have placed around the house. When a bunny is about to go, she will raise her tail slightly. That’s when you need to put her on a litter tray.

After a few days of pooping in the cage litter box, you can graduate to letting your bunny free in the house. This is the most important step in how to litter train a rabbit and where the hard work starts! You will have to be vigilant. Get ready for accidents and keep all your cleaning equipment available. Pick up accidental pellets and place them in the litter tray.

Clean the litter tray about every two to three days. You need the scent of your rabbit’s poop and urine to remain in the tray for some time. That way she will be encouraged to do her stuff in the litter tray. NEVER scold your bunny in case of accidents. Every time she successfully does her stuff in the litter tray, reward her with treats.

You will find that your bunny doesn’t sit on all the trays. You can remove the excess ones. If you see that she is regularly going in a spot without a tray, add a tray to that location.

Before you know it, your bunny will be litter trained! When you consider how to litter train a rabbit, it is quite an easy task. However, you will need to put in a lot of time and loads of patience. But the results will be worth the effort!

Rabbit Litter Training FAQs

Here are a few FAQs about how to potty train a rabbit that may enlighten you further in the journey with your bunny:

1. Does De-sexing Affect Litter Box Training?

Yes! A neutered or spayed rabbit is easier to train to use a litter box.

Organic litter such as alfalfa, paper, citrus, or oat are the best types of litter you can use. Never use pine, cedar, or clay litter as they can harm your bunny’s health. You can also use hay as litter. If you use hay as litter, it is a good idea to place a layer of newspaper underneath it to absorb the urine. That way, you just need to change the hay and newspaper periodically, and you’re good to go!

3. Is Age A Factor In Potty Training A Rabbit?

It is advisable to start training a rabbit to use a litter box from a very young age. However, it gets easier to train rabbits as they grow older. Attention span and ability to learn of older rabbits increase due to the development of cognitive capabilities.

4. How often should I change the litter?

When you are litter training your rabbit, it is advisable to leave the litter as it is for a few days. Your bunny associates the odor with where she is supposed to go. Once your bunny is potty-trained, you can change it every day or two.

5. How many litter boxes should I use?

If your bunny is permanently in a cage, obviously, you need only one. During the process of potty training at home, you will have to place litter boxes all over the house. You need to observe the locations where your bunny prefers to go. Place litter boxes at those locations. Depending on the size of your home, you may need five or six to start with. You may need more for an even bigger house. You can remove a few that your rabbit doesn’t seem to use, and eventually, you may be down to two or three.

6. My Rabbit Kicks Litter All Over. What Should I Do?

Many rabbits have the habit of kicking around in their litter. A covered litter box should help resolve this issue.

7. My Rabbit Insists On Doing Her Stuff At Another Location Other Than Her Litter Box.

If that is where your rabbit feels comfortable, then move the litter box over to that location. It may mean rearranging her cage or moving around a bit of furniture in the house, but in the end, it will be worth it.

What To Look For In A Litter Box

To be able to find a suitable litter box for your bunny, you need first to have an idea of what to look for. Here are a few pointers that might put you on the right track:

·         Size matters

You need to select the litter tray based on your bunny’s size. Remember that other than space for the rabbit to sit, you also need to provide a place for hay. Bunnies love to munch hay while they do their stuff! You may have a small bunny. Or your bunny may be small as a kit but is likely to become much larger as an adult. If you have a pair, then they often enjoy pooping together. Hence, keep all these factors in mind when deciding on a suitable size.

·         Accessibility factor

Usually, getting into a litter tray isn’t too much of a challenge for a rabbit, because, hopping around is what they do best. However, if you have an elderly or disabled bunny, then you would do well to provide a litter tray that isn’t too difficult for them to access.

·         Depth of the Tray

Some rabbits are very messy while pooping and peeing. They tend to lift their tails while doing it scattering their waste all over. Hence, the litter tray must be sufficiently deep, to contain all their stuff.

·         Securing the litter box

When you are thinking of how to potty train a rabbit in a cage, then you need to secure the litter box to the structure. Do a bit of research and get a litter tray that fixes firmly to the inside of the cage and STAYS fixed. A litter box with holes is good because that means that you can use these holes to attach it firmly. Finally, if the litter tray fixes well, it needs to get detached as easily when you need to clean it.

·         Locking provision

Here again, due to messy bunnies, you need to have a plastic grid which locks and contains the contents of the litter tray sufficiently.

5 Best Rabbit Litter Boxes

Once you know how to litter train a rabbit, you need to get some litter boxes. As it can be a daunting task, we have made your job a bit easier by highlighting these popular products:

1. Kaytee Corner Rabbit Litter Tray

Kaytee Corner Rabbit Litter Tray

This litter tray is shaped in such a way that it is easy for your rabbit to get potty trained. It is spacious and comfortable with high walls which serve the dual purpose of providing a sense of security as well as adequately containing the contents. This litter box is designed in such a way that you end up with considerably less to clean thanks to the design of the litter box. There is a choice of three colors – purple, green and pink. If you are going to place this litter box in a cage, you will do well to cross-check the cage dimensions, before you order it. Once you know how to litter train a rabbit, get this litter tray and your bunny will be potty trained in no time! 


  • All-American product
  • Robust construction
  • High walls to contain the contents
  • Convenient “corner” shape
  • Designed to keep contents to a minimum


  • Clips not provided
  • Bottom grid not available
Kaytee Corner Litter Tray

Perfectly designed for your rabbits, spacious and comfortable with high walls.

2. Ware Manufacturing Scatterless Rabbit Litter Tray

Ware Manufacturing scatterless rabbit litter tray

You can look at fewer spillages with this litter box, which makes cleaning up an easier task. This litter tray has a unique “scatterless” design. The plastic of this product is durable, stain-proof, and odor-proof. It can be easily attached wherever you need to attach it in the cage. You can easily detach it for cleaning as well. Although this litter box is relatively smaller than other models, it is compact and cleaner than others. 


  • Unique scatterless design
  • Robust and long-lasting
  • Attachment provision included
  • Stain-proof and odorless plastic
  • Good option for diggers


  • Issues with the floor grate
  • Clamp design could be better
Ware Manufacturing Plastic Lock-N-Litter Bigger Pan for Small Pets

Jumbo sized pan for bigger pets, measures 16-1/2-inch width by 10-1/4-inch depth by 8-inch height.

3. Ware Manufacturing Lock-N-Litter rabbit litter tray

If you are looking for a larger litter box, this product from Ware should be able to meet your requirements. Your rabbit will feel comfortable in this spacious litter box. The product is designed to contain the contents and prevent spillage, so you end up with less mess. The litter tray can be attached to the cage securely and detached when you need to clean it. The “Lock-N-Litter” technology used prevents the contents from being dispersed all over the cage. This litter box is made from durable, odor-resistant plastic, so you can expect it to last a long time. The entry point is at a lower level so that smaller animals can access it quickly, but the high back wall helps to prevent spills. Because it can be fixed to the cage, it’s useful for rabbits who have the habit of pushing around their litter boxes.


  • Spacious and comfortable
  • Unique Lock-N-Litter technology to prevent spillage
  • Durable, odor-proof plastic
  • Easy to attach and detach
  • Good fit for a large cage


  • Some rabbits learn to pop the lock
  • A bit too small for providing hay in it
Ware Manufacturing Plastic Lock-N-Litter Bigger Pan for Small Pets

Jumbo sized pan for bigger pets, measures 16-1/2-inch width by 10-1/4-inch depth by 8-inch height. Designed for multiple pets.

4. M-Aimee Square Rabbit Litter Box

This litter box is made of durable and strong plastic, which is also odor resistant and stain-resistant. It is easy to clean and due to the wire floor panel, the mess gets retaining within the tray. Your adult rabbit can comfortably use this litter tray, and it is roomy. There is enough space for you to keep a stock of fresh hay for your bunny to munch as she goes about her business, which is what they like to do. There are hooks and holes for fixing the litter tray in a cage, so that it remains securely in position, even if you have a digger for a pet rabbit. The low entry makes it easy for a small rabbit to gain access, but the elevated corner and sides keep the mess well-contained.


  • Good quality plastic
  • Reliable wire bottom grill
  • Low-level entry point
  • Hooks and holes provided for fixing in a cage


  • Too small for larger rabbits.
  • The bottom grill tends to collect rabbit waste, difficult to clean.
M-Aimee Square Potty Trainer Corner Litter Bedding Box

The ideal size is suitable for adult rabbits, adult chinchilla, adult guinea pigs, ferret, galesaur or other animals that are relatively large or adult rats.

Erlvery DaMain Square Rabbit Litter box

Erlvery DaMain square rabbit litter box

Here is a litter box for rabbits that is nice to look, roomy but contains all the required stuff. It is made of durable and robust plastic that is stain-resistant and odor-resistant as well. There is a wire floor panel that helps to keep this litter tray clean and the mess away from the rabbit. An adult rabbit can comfortably fit into this litter tray. You also get the required holes and hooks to attach the litter box to the inside of the rabbit’s cage. It has a low-entry design, but with an elevated corner and sides, which helps to control spillage. There is ample space inside to litter box to keep your bunny stocked with fresh hay to munch.

ProsHigh-quality plastic

  • Easy to clean and maintain
  • Low-entry point for easy access
  • High corner and walls to contain spillages
  • Convenient wire floor panel keeps the waste away from your pet


  • Perhaps not big enough for bigger rabbits
  • Some complaints of distorted plastic
Erlvery DaMain Square Potty Trainer Corner Litter Bedding

Material is made of plastic, durable and strong. Size is 11-inch long, 8.5-inch wide, 6-inch high and 3-inch in depth.

Potty Training Your Bunny Is As Simple As A-B-C!

In this article, we highlighted the fact that rabbits are creatures of habit, and it is possible to potty train them. We have gone into the intricacies of how to litter train a rabbit in simple, achievable steps. We also provided you with valuable information about what to look for while choosing a suitable litter box for your bunny.

Now you should be in a better position to select an appropriate litter tray for your pet rabbit. You can choose from the five best rabbit litter boxes that we reviewed in this article. Once you have all the accessories, including a good litter tray, you will see that potty training your bunny is easier than you could have ever imagined!

Sharing is caring!

Miranda Hawkins
Miranda currently lives just outside Colorado Springs, Colorado with her husband, 8-year old son, and what she lovingly calls her “zoo.” Miranda grew up in the Midwest and always had animals around while growing up. After graduating from college, she married her husband Sam and they moved to the mountains of Colorado where Miranda became very involved with the regional rabbit rescues.

Currently, her “zoo” includes two dogs, one rambunctious cat, and three indoor rabbits. Oliver, a delightful Black Otter Holland Lop, and Juniper, a gorgeous Opal Satin Angora, are a bonded pair and have been together for three years.

She had the pleasure of adding an energetic Fawn Flemish Giant to her family one year ago, named Sir Gregor. He had been abandoned outside a pet store and was put up for adoption. Miranda feels very blessed to have this lovable lagomorph living amongst her family and is a strong advocate for educating people about rabbits and how special they truly are.

Miranda has put together a team of rabbit lovers and breeders from across the country and hopes you will find the information and resources on the site beneficial. She loves to hear from her readers and looks forward to seeing many more people become loving responsible bunny parents.