Where does your rabbit lay their head? Wherever they do, then that’s their home. It’s their sanctum, their castle, their own special place.

Rabbits spend a lot of time sleeping, mostly during the day, so they need a sleeping area where they won’t be disturbed and where they feel safe, secure, and most importantly, clean, dry and warm! 

 So, that’s a lot of things to remember hey?!

And they’re all as equally important as each other, however indoor rabbits and outdoor rabbits have many different requirements in rabbit bedding.

What’s the Difference Between Rabbit Bedding & Rabbit Litter?

  • Rabbit litter is the product used inside a litter tray, used for rabbits that are enclosed in a small area or kept in the house. This is where rabbits go to the toilet and can be trained to do so. Rabbits may nibble at it so it must be non-toxic.
  • Rabbit bedding is the product used to line their sleeping area. Outdoor rabbits need more. They don’t use the toilet here so absorbancy is not vital. Rabbits will eat this so it should be edible.

NB – Three Important Points to Note:

  1. Your rabbit will choose where each area is – not you. If they decide the area you have designated as the sleeping area is their toilet, then move the litter tray to that area. If they are in a hutch and pooping everywhere, YOU NEED A BIGGER HUTCH and larger exercise area! Happy rabbits that have a large area to run, exercise and play all the time DO NOT SOIL THEIR LIVING AREAS. Look at wild rabbits – they don’t urinate or poop in their burrows they soil away from their home to mark territory.
  2. Do not get confused between the two types of poop – Rabbits produce two types of droppings – the hard fecal pellets that you see them poop during the day, and the soft, cecal pellets that they poop out at night and take directly from their bottom and eat.

The Good, Bad & Ugly Rabbit Bedding

Small animals such as guinea pigs, hamsters, and rabbits have long since been given sawdust based bedding products, however, evidence now confirms these types of bedding are very dangerous for them, especially rabbits. Why?

Here are some of the best options, some of the ones you could just about get away with and some bedding material that is absolute “no-nos,” the ones you should definitely avoid:

Good

  • Meadow Hay
  • Timothy Hay
  • Readigrass
  • Natural Fiber Blankets / Material

Bad –

  • Straw
  • Shredded Cardboard
  • Shredded Newspaper

Down-right Ugly

  • Wood Shavings
  • Sawdust
  • Any Cedar or Pine Based Products
  • All Cat Litters 

Expert Verdict – Now In…

Indoor Rabbit’s Bedding

Outside, Inside

House rabbits tend to like sleeping behind sofas or under tables or beds because they like places that closely resemble their outdoor warrens as possible. Low, dark recesses serve as great sleeping areas as they are similar to underground burrows.

Relaxing Rabbits

The rabbit in the picture might be relaxing but when it comes to real sleeping at night, they will probably move to a ‘den’ type area, that is not exposed. General ‘down-time’ during the day may be spent in another area, such as a comfy patch on the carpet under a chair and sometimes on your bed!

Free Range Indoor Rabbits

Rabbits that have free-range roaming of your home, much like a cat or dog would don’t need all the fancy bedding materials often given to rabbits in an enclosed area.

An ideal ‘den’ to them would be under a small table, between two sofas or chairs or under a low bed somewhere. You can make these areas more comfortable by giving them soft blankets and sheets etc. for scrunching up, sleeping on, digging in to and nibbling at. Providing a layer on top of your actual flooring means carpets, rugs, and floorboards stay protected too.

Watch Out!

Free-range bunnies are wonderful and I’m a strong believer that all rabbits should be extended the comforts of this way of living. After all, cats and dogs have that luxury, why not our 3rd most popular pet too?

However, making your home safe is very important. You’d be amazed at what is involved. For example, there are certain types of furniture that can be fatal for your little bunny friend.

Indoor Rabbits Cages & Housing

Rabbit bedding like hay, newspaper and such as is not as crucial if your rabbit has free run of your home. But if your rabbit has a cage or indoor housing area to call their own, then bedding material is important to them.

Recycled or shredded paper make ideal bedding material for indoor rabbits in a cage or separate housing area, as it doesn’t stick to their fur and trail all around the house when it’s exercise time.

Making an area exclusive for them also limits the amount of damage to your house and belongings. Creating the right sleeping quarters inside their exclusive housing area will keep them happy as they like the feeling of being safe while they are essentially ‘cut off’ from the rest of the family.

(My indoor rabbits always slept at night under my bed, right underneath my head. They knew I was there, and they took comfort in the security of my presence. Not that I was any type of hero! If something went ‘bump’ in the night, I would be a pathetic, jabbering wreck, but hey, they didn’t know that 😉

Keeping it Clean

As rabbits spend so much time bunny flopping, grooming, relaxing and sleeping, in their one favorite area, most of their molted hair and fluff will accumulate in this one place.

Shredded paper will serve a great purpose for a while but it should be changed on a regular basis to limit the chances of fleas, flies, and other beasties making a home in it too. If your rabbit has a tendency to nibble at the newspaper you may want to rethink its presence as the ink from the print can be harmful if consumed in large quantities on a regular basis.

Material based bedding is good but will collect a lot of fluff and hair over time so a good hoover round on a regular basis, plus shaking and washing of blankets, etc will prevent fluff drifting all-around your house.

Outdoor Rabbit Bedding

The perfect sleeping area for outdoor rabbits is a place which approximates a burrow i.e. a roof over their heads and entrance and exit routes. They usually like several of these. You can see this from observing wild warrens.

Bundles of Rabbit Bedding

Over delivering on bedding for outdoor rabbits is a must. Put lots and lots of bedding in their sleeping compartment so they can shape it to make their own nest, just as they would in the wild.

Horrible Hutches

If your poor rabbits are in one of those dreadful rabbit hutches, then you may need to re-think your general perspective of rabbits. Seriously!

Old Fashioned Thinking

I’ve never liked “hutches” and rabbits don’t like them either!

Hutches were originally introduced by the Victorians as an easy, short term solution for keeping their rabbits fat before going into the pot!

Fortunately, most of us have moved on in our general understanding of rabbits since then, but the habit of keeping rabbits in hutches has sadly stuck.

I haven’t found many hutches that are suitable for a rabbit. A large shed is really the minimum requirement, with plenty of shelving, tunnels, and cubby-holes. 

(This is my rabbit’s new shed, which took me a week to assemble with my limited DIY skills. It has a stable door for me to gain access for cleaning and feeding and a small rabbit-sized door entrance which opens directly opposite one of the entrances of their underground tree warren. If it gets very wet or cold, they can freely move into their shed for warmth, food and safe shelter. They love it – but still don’t sleep in it over-night. Perhaps the coming winter may change their minds!)

Newspaper or cardboard provides a good base, with these types of housing, while Readigrass and various types of hay provide warmth and an important food supplement. Rabbits love to gnaw and nibble, all the time, so it is vital that you don’t give them rabbit bedding that could be toxic if eaten or chewed.

Keeping it Clean

Rabbits need lots of clean, dry bedding. Replace it when it is soiled and completely change it at least once a week.

Outdoor rabbits are generally dirtier than their indoor counterparts, as they rummage and dig around in the garden most of the time. They also have many more soiling spots than a litter trained an indoor rabbit.

This dirt, debris, and mess tend to get dragged back into their sleeping area. This, in turn, will attract beasties, the summer months being the most dangerous, with flies laying eggs and increasing the possibility of fly strike, which can be fatal if not dealt with correctly and quickly.

Show Rabbit Bedding

Owners of rabbits with white paws will want to stay away from straw and newspaper as straw can dye the hocks yellow, while print from newspapers can dye them dark gray.

Watch Out!

Sawdust is not recommended as rabbit bedding at all. The dust can often get into the eyes and nose of your rabbits and cause irritation. Dusty, old hay, and straw can cause the same problem. Good hay smells sweet, not musty.

If you do house your rabbits in a hutch, then you will need to change their bedding at least once a week. Also, rabbits like to use one or more corners as a toilet area so you will need to clean the corners out more frequently, perhaps every third day. The hutch should be scrubbed thoroughly with disinfectants once a month but make sure your rabbit has somewhere else to go while it dries as the fumes from the chemicals are very dangerous for your rabbit’s respiratory system.

How to Prepare Your Rabbit Bedding

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Miranda Hawkins
Miranda currently lives just outside Colorado Springs, Colorado with her husband, 8-year old son, and what she lovingly calls her “zoo.” Miranda grew up in the Midwest and always had animals around while growing up. After graduating from college, she married her husband Sam and they moved to the mountains of Colorado where Miranda became very involved with the regional rabbit rescues.

Currently, her “zoo” includes two dogs, one rambunctious cat, and three indoor rabbits. Oliver, a delightful Black Otter Holland Lop, and Juniper, a gorgeous Opal Satin Angora, are a bonded pair and have been together for three years.

She had the pleasure of adding an energetic Fawn Flemish Giant to her family one year ago, named Sir Gregor. He had been abandoned outside a pet store and was put up for adoption. Miranda feels very blessed to have this lovable lagomorph living amongst her family and is a strong advocate for educating people about rabbits and how special they truly are.

Miranda has put together a team of rabbit lovers and breeders from across the country and hopes you will find the information and resources on the JustRabbits.com site beneficial. She loves to hear from her readers and looks forward to seeing many more people become loving responsible bunny parents.